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The links below correspond to numbered phrases marked in the print version. Those are, in turn, derived from the links in the online version of the report.

  1. www.forbes.com/sites/raymondpierce/2021/05/06/the-racist-history-of-school-choice
  2. www.simplemost.com/arizona-teachers-no-longer-need-college-degree/
  3. chicago.chalkbeat.org/2021/7/30/22602068/illinois-governor-approves-elected-chicago-school-board
  4. south.maine207.org/academics/student-services/
  5. jacobin.com/2021/05/chicago-public-schools-cps-fiscal-crisis
  6. www.wbez.org/stories/chicago-public-schools-brace-for-budget-cuts/1fbb877c-b8f1-4416-8525-cc627a1e7a07
  7. dash.harvard.edu/bitstream/handle/1/2664307/Goldin_AmericaGraduation.pdf
  8. www.governing.com/now/what-weve-learned-and-failed-to-learn-from-a-million-covid-deaths
  9. onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/padr.12477
  10. www.edweek.org/leadership/teachers-at-higher-risk-of-covid-19-wonder-should-i-even-go-back/2020/05
  11. www.acpjournals.org/doi/10.7326/M20-5413
  12. www.nytimes.com/2020/10/28/opinion/virtual-school-racism.html
  13. erictopol.substack.com/p/the-ba5-story
  14. www.cbsnews.com/chicago/news/chicago-teachers-union-concerned-about-school-ventilation-as-students-return-to-in-person-learning/
  15. chicago.suntimes.com/education/2021/11/10/22774821/public-schools-cps-custodians-protest-dirty-sayre-seiu-local-1-cleaning-aramark-janitors
  16. www.ctulocal1.org/rights/concerns/safety-committees/
  17. news.wttw.com/2022/05/15/growing-push-bridge-digital-divide-university-chicago-study-highlights-deep-disparities
  18. www.wbez.org/stories/pharmacy-deserts-plague-chicagos-south-and-west-sides/950eb7eb-82c5-4c73-bff6-272a02c7f828
  19. www.chicago.gov/city/en/sites/covid19-vaccine/home/covid-19-vaccine-coverage.html
  20. www.cps.edu/services-and-supports/covid-19-resources/covid-19-readiness-data/
  21. chicago.chalkbeat.org/2022/3/28/22996813/chicago-public-schools-students-covid-vaccine-rates-uptake-disparities
  22. www.rand.org/pubs/research_briefs/RBA1110-1.html
  23. www.thelancet.com/journals/eclinm/article/PIIS2589-5370(21)00148-6/fulltext
  24. www.masslive.com/coronavirus/2022/08/if-fall-brings-covid-surge-when-should-schools-mandate-masks-require-testing-coalition-wants-prevention-plan-in-place.html
  25. www.wbez.org/stories/a-fight-over-covid-19-testing-is-a-barrier-to-a-deal-needed-to-restart-chicago-public-schools/96296398-4a5d-433a-9ed2-fbd58172c275
  26. www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prevent-getting-sick/masks.html
  27. www.nytimes.com/2022/08/17/well/monkeypox-kids-school-day-care.html
  28. chicago.suntimes.com/2018/3/28/18452253/cps-inspections-blitz-finds-rat-droppings-bugs-filth-in-schools
  29. chicago.suntimes.com/education/2021/7/23/22590718/cps-public-schools-aramark-clean-contract-covid-janitor-custodian-sodexo-board-education
  30. chicago.suntimes.com/education/2021/11/4/22764322/dirty-school-clarence-carson-cps-facilities-chief-public-filth-aramark-sodexo
  31. www.reuters.com/business/healthcare-pharmaceuticals/omicron-better-invading-young-noses-than-other-variants-smell-loss-may-predict-2022-08-02/
  32. www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/71/wr/mm7111e2.htm?s_cid=mm7111e2_w
  33. www.ed.gov/improving-ventilation-schools-colleges-and-universities-prevent-covid-19
  34. news.wttw.com/2020/10/23/ctu-files-complaint-over-school-reopening-quality-ventilation-system
  35. www.cps.edu/services-and-supports/school-facilities/air-quality-testing/
  36. news.wttw.com/2020/10/05/ctu-schools-must-improve-ventilation-safety-person-learning-resumes
  37. dgs.dc.gov/service/dgs-dcps-hvac-public-dashboard
  38. today.tamu.edu/2022/08/15/recognizing-trauma-in-students-as-kids-head-back-to-school/
  39. www.thenation.com/article/society/schools-suspension-covid/
  40. www.chicagotribune.com/living/health/ct-life-inequity-data-policy-roots-chicago-20200726-r3c7qykvvbfm5bdjm4fpb6g5k4-story.html
  41. www.hhs.gov/about/news/2021/12/07/us-surgeon-general-issues-advisory-on-youth-mental-health-crisis-further-exposed-by-covid-19-pandemic.html
  42. www.hhs.gov/about/news/2021/12/07/us-surgeon-general-issues-advisory-on-youth-mental-health-crisis-further-exposed-by-covid-19-pandemic.html
  43. www.statnews.com/2021/05/07/as-the-covid-19-crisis-ebbs-in-the-u-s-experts-brace-for-a-long-term-impact-on-mental-health/
  44. www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/docs/20210608-impacts-of-covid19.pdf
  45. chicago.suntimes.com/2022/3/29/23002402/adam-toledo-anthony-alverez-demand-justice-kim-foxx-cpd
  46. www.chicagotribune.com/opinion/commentary/ct-opinion-ronald-watts-laquan-mcdonald-exoneration-chicago-police-20211202-mnw7btgr7zf3jnk5jybfh7iima-story.html
  47. www.naacpldf.org/wp-content/uploads/2021-09-15-Schools-Reopening-7.pdf
  48. blockclubchicago.org/2021/02/23/sanctuary-city-ordinance-signed-into-law-better-protecting-chicagos-immigrants-from-ice/
  49. www.npr.org/local/309/2019/06/28/736690907/chicago-teachers-union-wants-more-sanctuary-schools
  50. www.wbez.org/stories/advocates-want-change-in-chicago-mental-health-policy/2f2f5476-f37d-44ae-8d6c-7418d8336f01
  51. www.nea.org/advocating-for-change/new-from-nea/survey-alarming-number-educators-may-soon-leave-profession
  52. chicago.chalkbeat.org/2022/2/23/22947818/chicago-public-schools-teacher-principal-resignation-retirement-covid
  53. www.socialworkers.org/News/News-Releases/ID/1633/NASW-Highlights-the-Growing-Need-for-School-Social-Workers-to-Prevent-School-Violence
  54. www.nasn.org/nasn-resources/professional-practice-documents/position-statements/ps-slv
  55. chicago.chalkbeat.org/2022/3/16/22981374/chicago-public-schools-federal-covid-relief-principals-teachers-esser
  56. www.chicagotribune.com/news/breaking/ct-chicago-public-schools-fall-reopening-2022-budget-20210729-ox7axexodjbsnmsdaimmt2kiju-story.html
  57. www.epi.org/publication/a-policy-agenda-to-address-the-teacher-shortage-in-u-s-public-schools/
  58. files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED540485.pdf
  59. ed.unc.edu/2020/09/08/the-power-of-a-black-teacher/
  60. chicago.chalkbeat.org/2019/12/20/21112032/chicago-s-teaching-corps-is-becoming-whiter-how-the-district-hopes-to-entice-and-keep-more-teachers
  61. www.chicagotribune.com/news/breaking/ct-chicago-public-schools-settlement-turnaround-schools-20211214-mkdjzy4a2zd6nnl3kt2enompsi-story.html
  62. www.chicagotribune.com/news/breaking/ct-cps-budget-cuts-zapata-elementary-20220426-ybxf6x4rang5liotdqazr5dx2i-story.html
  63. www.nea.org/advocating-for-change/new-from-nea/when-educators-color-are-asked-be-everything-students-color
  64. www.gse.harvard.edu/news/uk/18/06/experiences-teachers-color
  65. consortium.uchicago.edu/publications/teacher-evaluation-chicago-differences-observation-and-value-added-scores-teacher
  66. www.ctulocal1.org/wecare/
  67. www.afsc.org/blogs/news-and-commentary/millions-immigrants-are-being-left-out-coronavirus-relief
  68. www.ctulocal1.org/covid19/resources/
  69. features.propublica.org/chicago-first-deaths/covid-coronavirus-took-black-lives-first/
  70. news.wttw.com/sites/default/files/article/file-attachments/IRRPP_DeadlyDisparitiesReport_ScreenResolution_0.pdf#page=33
  71. news.wttw.com/2022/03/04/uic-report-details-failures-public-policy-responses-covid-19-pandemic-chicago
  72. files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED505882.pdf
  73. chicago.chalkbeat.org/2022/2/23/22947818/chicago-public-schools-teacher-principal-resignation-retirement-covid
  74. www.cps.edu/about/finance/employee-position-files/
  75. www.ctulocal1.org/reports/cps-nursing-services/
  76. www.sswaa.org/
  77. www.wbez.org/stories/sub-shortage-in-chicago-hitting-black-and-latino-schools-hard/3211d763-9ba0-4354-a1ec-2bc179f04d5a
  78. blockclubchicago.org/2022/01/12/chicagos-substitute-teachers-say-cps-is-not-doing-enough-to-keep-them-safe-informed-during-covid-19-surge/
  79. abc7chicago.com/substitute-teacher-shortage-how-much-do-teachers-make-chicago-public-schools/11266097/
  80. chicago.suntimes.com/education/2022/7/18/23201078/cps-public-schools-librarians-misinformation-budget-cuts-pandemic-literacy-reading-books
  81. www.ctulocal1.org/posts/just-two-certified-librarians-left-at-virtually-all-african-american-cps-high-schools/
  82. www.chicagoreporter.com/school-libraries-a-longstanding-target-for-cuts/
  83. www.wbez.org/stories/librarians-disappearing-from-chicago-schools/499ab8a5-b4fc-41e8-a4d2-a9ab68772597
  84. chicago.suntimes.com/education/2022/8/3/23291260/chicago-public-school-librarians-nora-wiltse-king-college-prep-kenwood-budget-cuts
  85. www.ala.org/advocacy/school-libraries
  86. ctulocal1.org/scs
  87. www.teenvogue.com/story/community-schools-what-are
  88. www.ctulocal1.org/chicago-union-teacher/2020/03/mama-magic-at-schurz/
  89. www.ift-aft.org/scs
  90. www.epi.org/publication/a-policy-agenda-to-address-the-teacher-shortage-in-u-s-public-schools/
  91. www.ctulocal1.org/wecare/
  92. growyourownteachers.org/
  93. thehill.com/homenews/state-watch/456988-illinois-passes-law-requiring-lgbt-history-curriculum-be-taught-in/
  94. www.npr.org/2021/07/13/1015596570/illinois-has-become-the-first-state-to-require-the-teaching-of-asian-american-hi
  95. www.forbes.com/sites/petergreene/2022/02/16/teacher-anti-crt-bills-coast-to-coast-a-state-by-state-guide/?sh=6599e8684ff6
  96. www.chalkbeat.org/22525983/map-critical-race-theory-legislation-teaching-racism
  97. www.chicagotribune.com/opinion/commentary/ct-opinion-school-to-prison-pipeline-more-resources-20220112-3emoh534jvby5oj7uuj3s5ccty-story.html
  98. project-nia.org/uploads/documents/Research-Reports/policing-chicago-public-schools-a-gateway.pdf
  99. www.chicagoreporter.com/most-vulnerable-cps-students-suspended-most-often/
  100. www.povertylaw.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/08/handcuffs-in-hallways-final.pdf
  101. www.nytimes.com/2020/10/28/opinion/virtual-school-racism.html
  102. www.cpsboe.org/content/documents/whole_school_safety_board_update_july_2022.pdf
  103. www.injusticewatch.org/news/2021/more-than-30-chicago-high-schools-will-pursue-alternatives-to-police-next-year/
  104. www.wbez.org/stories/as-cops-leave-chicago-public-schools-staff-move-fitfully-toward-a-new-model-of-helping-students/a759ff02-4386-43b2-a544-c87ffae3232d
  105. prismreports.org/2022/01/31/education-advocates-say-the-best-way-to-address-racial-bias-in-standardized-testing-is-to-eliminate-the-tests-completely/
  106. chicago.chalkbeat.org/2021/6/17/22538834/cps-new-curriculum-skyline-135-million-mcdade-jackson-culturally-relevant
  107. www.ctulocal1.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/Whats-the-matter-with-SQRP-3.0.pdf
  108. chicago.chalkbeat.org/2021/6/17/22538834/cps-new-curriculum-skyline-135-million-mcdade-jackson-culturally-relevant
  109. www.cps.edu/sites/skyline/about/
  110. chicago.suntimes.com/2022/7/27/23281221/general-iron-cps-public-school-ctu-teachers-union-george-washington-high-lauren-bianchi-chuck-stark
  111. www.cps.edu/sites/equity/tools/collective/culturally-responsive-educationcre-hub/
  112. blockclubchicago.org/2022/07/26/2-george-washington-high-school-teachers-say-theyre-being-fired-in-retaliation-for-their-activism-against-general-iron/
  113. blockclubchicago.org/2022/07/27/2-cps-teachers-wont-be-fired-after-district-accused-them-of-encouraging-students-to-protest-general-iron/
  114. www.washingtonpost.com/climate-environment/interactive/2021/south-side-chicago-scrapyard/
  115. www.acteonline.org/career-and-technical-student-organizations-make-cte-work/
  116. chicago.chalkbeat.org/2022/8/19/23311772/chicago-public-schools-career-technical-education-cte
  117. chicago.chalkbeat.org/2022/8/22/23311956/chicago-public-schools-career-technical-education-cte-alternative-high-schools
  118. www.wbez.org/stories/cps-special-education-still-plagued-with-troubles-3-years-after-state-ordered-reforms/992bcb46-69df-498b-8b3c-7076c33a267e
  119. consortium.uchicago.edu/sites/default/files/2018-10/p56.pdf
  120. www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2021/06/22/digital-divide-persists-even-as-americans-with-lower-incomes-make-gains-in-tech-adoption/ft_2021-06-22_digitaldivideincome_01/
  121. blockclubchicago.org/2020/08/28/chicagos-push-to-buy-computers-for-remote-learning-hit-snags-new-challenges-await-this-fall/
  122. www.nbcchicago.com/news/local/race-in-chicago-covid-19-exposes-a-digital-divide/2340136/
  123. chicago.suntimes.com/2018/3/28/18452253/cps-inspections-blitz-finds-rat-droppings-bugs-filth-in-schools
  124. chicago.suntimes.com/education/2021/11/1/22749383/cps-soppa-student-online-personal-protection-act-students-data-privacy-public-schools-adobe
  125. news.uchicago.edu/story/mapping-digital-divide-data-reveals-internet-inequities-across-country
  126. www.bloomberg.com/news/features/2021-10-28/how-goguardian-ai-spyware-took-over-schools-student-devices-during-covid#xj4y7vzkg
  127. www.civicfed.org/CPS_FY2023
  128. www.wbez.org/stories/plan-to-build-south-loop-high-school-sparks-controversy/304bee60-8581-4a67-99da-f6293f017562
  129. chicago.suntimes.com/education/2022/9/26/23369633/cps-chinatown-near-south-school-black-tilden-phillips-wells-academy-enrollment
  130. chicago.suntimes.com/education/2022/9/27/23375148/near-south-chinatown-high-school-cps-public-theresa-mah-lori-lightfoot
  131. blockclubchicago.org/2022/09/02/south-side-organizers-turn-up-pressure-on-city-to-move-proposed-high-school-build-public-housing/
  132. toandthrough.medium.com/the-downstream-impacts-of-school-choice-on-chicagos-black-communities-e43687d1588d
  133. www.americanbar.org/groups/litigation/committees/childrens-rights/articles/2019/spring2019-school-closing-victory-the-fight-to-save-national-teachers-academy/
  134. schoolreports.cps.edu/Assessment_PDF_Detail_2019/FAD_WASHINGTON HS_609739.pdf
  135. schoolreports.cps.edu/AsbestosInspectionReport_2019/46331 – George Washington High School – Washington High School.pdf
  136. schoolreports.cps.edu/WaterQualityReport/IndividualSchool_WashingtonGHS_609739.pdf
  137. www.metroplanning.org/news/10138/Lens-on-the-Calumet-Corridor-Inequitable-pollution-exposure-is-rooted-in-land-use-planning
  138. chicago.suntimes.com/education/2022/6/21/23177090/george-washington-high-school-cps-ceiling-caves
  139. www.chicagotribune.com/columns/heidi-stevens/ct-heidi-stevens-cps-clerk-judy-mahoney-one-more-year-at-byrne-0527-20210527-n4u7dgvblrbolh7ughzymrbvs4-story.html
  140. www.cps.edu/globalassets/cps-pages/about-cps/finance/capital-plan/capital-plan-fy2013/fy23-approved-capital-plan.pdf
  141. www.philasd.org/capitalprograms/wp-content/uploads/sites/18/2017/06/FCAFAQsfinal2.pdf
  142. www.luriechildrens.org/globalassets/voices-of-child-health-in-chicago/voices-of-child-health_childhood-asthma-vol2no6_30-july-2020_final.pdf
  143. chicagoasthma.org/resources/Documents/Data and Reports/Geographic-variability-in-Chicago.pdf
  144. news.wttw.com/2022/04/25/chicago-creeps-american-lung-association-s-list-most-polluted-cities
  145. drive.google.com/file/d/1BzpVNpn1_x1G6QFa_oVTXFZ0Q7mDvWop/view
  146. www.chicago.gov/city/en/depts/mayor/press_room/press_releases/2021/june/DecarbonizationWorkingGroup.html
  147. www.youtube.com/watch?v=v9aV8yKbUaI&t=1s
  148. www.benitojuarez.net/m/pages/index.jsp?uREC_ID=469255&type=d&termREC_ID=&pREC_ID=920996
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  150. drive.google.com/file/d/1Q8glTisJYQu0hwGqlVWQNAnkPzq4LmGy/view?usp=drivesdk
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  152. www.k12climateaction.org/img/K12-ClimateActionPlan-Complete-Screen.pdf
  153. www.boston.gov/education/green-new-deal-boston-public-schools
  154. www.ctulocal1.org/movement/green-schools/
  155. www.chicagotribune.com/living/health/ct-life-inequity-data-policy-roots-chicago-20200726-r3c7qykvvbfm5bdjm4fpb6g5k4-story.html
  156. www.urban.org/urban-wire/chicago-neighborhoods-have-stark-differences-economic-opportunity
  157. www.meabf.org/
  158. www.ctulocal1.org/posts/press-release-disproportionate-number-of-teacher-lay-offs-are-black-and-latino/
  159. chicago.suntimes.com/2016/7/13/18336423/natalie-moore-segregation-still-haunts-cps
  160. www.chicagoreporter.com/big-budget-cuts-hit-high-schools-welcoming-schools/
  161. www.chicagotribune.com/investigations/ct-chicago-public-schools-bond-deals-met-20141107-story.html
  162. budgetblog.ctbaonline.org/how-cps-got-here-8418be56fbc7
  163. www.chicagotribune.com/dining/ct-cps-new-bonds-met-20150225-story.html
  164. www.chicagotribune.com/investigations/ct-chicago-public-schools-bonds-banks-met-20141107-story.html
  165. www.chicagoreporter.com/set-record-straight-teachers-pension-fund-problems/
  166. www.chicagotribune.com/politics/ct-bruce-rauner-illinois-senate-met-0806-20150805-story.html
  167. news.wttw.com/2016/02/22/gov-rauner-threatens-choke-cps-borrowing
  168. www.reuters.com/article/chicago-education-bonds/delayed-chicago-school-bond-sale-tainted-by-bankruptcy-talk-idUSL2N15B2L3
  169. www.chicagotribune.com/news/breaking/ct-chicago-schools-budget-cuts-met-20160209-story.html
  170. www.wbez.org/stories/wbez-investigation-cps-secretly-overhauled-special-education-at-students-expense/2f6907ea-6ad2-4557-9a03-7da60710f8f9
  171. www.chicagotribune.com/investigations/ct-chicago-school-long-term-bond-cost-met-20170731-story.html
  172. chicago.suntimes.com/2016/6/24/18485350/claypool-up-to-5-000-teachers-could-face-november-layoff
  173. jacobin.com/2016/04/chicago-teachers-union-strike-karen-lewis/
  174. www.isbe.net/Pages/EvidenceBasedFunding.aspx
  175. www.isbe.net/Documents/EBF_Presentation_Detailed.pdf
  176. chicago.suntimes.com/education/2019/11/29/20913976/pilsen-schools-gentrification-enrollment-elementary-housing-whittier-cooper-walsh-ruiz-jungman-casas
  177. chicago.chalkbeat.org/2021/11/22/22796673/chicago-public-schools-latino-student-enrollment-shrinking-pandemic
  178. www.chicagotribune.com/people/ct-cps-budget-cuts-chicago-association-high-school-20220707-e45uqwxn25aqdgvoocndxovk4m-story.html
  179. www.wbez.org/stories/cps-promised-more-details-on-charter-school-finances-the-effort-might-rate-the-district-a-c/2a58e233-5bc9-43eb-a3f8-c653c0617541
  180. www.wbez.org/stories/celebrated-all-boys-charter-school-in-chicago-cited-by-cps-for-dismal-financial-management/784432ac-1269-4fdc-8638-e04e85578500
  181. www.ctulocal1.org/posts/ctu-educators-consider-striking-urban-prep-for-squandering-funds-for-student-needs/
  182. chicago.chalkbeat.org/2019/2/8/21106749/multiple-layers-multiple-ceos-strike-puts-charter-management-under-microscope
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